Maryland Facts

State Tree: White Oak


During the summer in Emmitsburg expect temperatures between 64°F/18C as the low and 85°F/29C as the high. Temperatures can be as high as 100°F/38C with high humidity. The average rainfall in July is 3.66 in/9.3 cm.

Insects to be aware of :

Ticks: be prepared for the potential for ticks, especially while in and around tall grasses and shrubs. Take time at the end of every day to check for ticks.
Mosquitoes: There is simply no avoiding them. Use a good quality bug spray with DEET and apply liberally.
Chiggers: Chiggers are tiny, 6-legged wingless organisms (larvae) that mature to become a type of mite. Chiggers are found in tall grass and weeds. Their bite causes severe itching.


State Crustacean: Blue Crab

Maryland often called “America in Miniature” because of its diverse geography. The Appalachian Mountains pass through the western most part of Maryland. Moving east there are the ridge and valley, and piedmont regions. The Chesapeake Bay, which is the largest estuary in the United States, divides the state into Eastern and Western Shores. The Eastern Shore is mostly coastal plains and the southeast portion of the state borders the Atlantic Ocean. Emmitsburg is located in the Piedmont region, so expect to see low rolling hills.

State Bird: Baltimore Oriole


George Calvert, First Lord Baltimore was given a land grant from King Charles I of England in 1632. Maryland was one of original 13 colonies who revolted against the British in the Revolutionary War, and they were the 7th state to ratify the Constitution. Francis Scott Key wrote the “Star Spangled Banner” during the war of 1812 while watching the fighting at Fort McHenry in Baltimore. Maryland was a border state in the civil war that fought with the Union. America’s entry into WWI led to the creation/expansion of military bases including Aberdeen Proving Grounds,  and Camp Meade. Baltimore became a major center of production during WWII especially helping with building ships and aircrafts. In 1952 the State replaced the ferries that toted people and across the Chesapeake Bay with the Chesapeake Bay Bridge.

Fast Facts:

State Flower: Black Eyed Susan

State Capital: Annapolis
Governor: Larry Hogan
Senators: Barbara Mikulski (D), Benjamin Cardin (D
Congress: Andy Harris (R), A. Dutch Ruppersberger (D), John Sarbanes (D), Donna Edwards (D), Steny Hoyer (D), John Delaney (D), Elijah Cummings (D), Chris Van Hollen Jr. (D)
State Population: 6,000,000
Largest City: Baltimore- population 620,000
Sports Teams: Baltimore Ravens (football), Baltimore Orioles (baseball)

State Reptile: Diamond Back Terrapin